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Asbestos Containing Material (ACM) poses a health risk to humans exposed to asbestos particles from air emissions. Therefore, asbestos testing, abatement and disposal must comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. We can steer you in the right direction.Related forms
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that can provide resistance to heat and corrosion. It has been used mainly in building materials (roofing, floor tiles, etc.) and vehicle brake components. Asbestos can break apart into fibers that cause life-threatening health hazards to people exposed to them, including certain types of cancer. Asbestos-containing waste materials are likely to be present in the debris from demolitions, renovation or remediation sites and also from certain industrial processes.
Possible Asbestos-Containing Materials Include:
- Flooring Backing/Pipe Insulation
- Construction Mastics
- Heating and Electrical Ducts
- Acoustical Plaster/Electrical Panel Partitions
- Decorative Plaster/Electrical Cloth
- Textured Paints/Coatings
- Electric Wiring Insulation
- Ceiling Tiles
- Lay-in Panels/Chalkboards
- Spray-Applied Insulation/Roofing Shingles
- Blown-in Insulation/Roofing Felt
- Fireproofing Materials/Base Flashing
- Taping Compounds (thermal)
- Thermal Paper Products
- Packing Materials
- Fire Doors
- High Temperature Gaskets/Caulking/Putties
- Laboratory Hoods/Table Tops
- Laboratory Gloves
- Fire Blankets
- Joint Compounds
- Fire Curtains
- Vinyl Wall Coverings
- Elevator Equipment
- Panels Spackling Compounds
Asbestos Classifications for Handling
There are two basic classifications of asbestos that determine handling requirements: non-friable and friable. Both classifications include material containing more than one (1) percent asbestos by area, as determined using Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM). The difference between classifications is noted below.
Non-Friable Asbestos Containing Material (ACM)
When the material in this classification is dry, it cannot be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to a powder by hand pressure or in the course of demolition, renovation, transportation or disposal. Examples include floor backing, gaskets, resilient floor tile, asphalt roofing, exterior siding and vehicle brake shoes and clutch pads.
Disposal and Acceptance Requirements—Nonfriable
If you’re disposing of non-friable ACM, you’re required to complete the Express Waste Profile Form.
Friable Asbestos (Regulated Asbestos Containing Material – RACM)
When the material in this classification is dry, it can be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder by hand pressure, which could release breathable fibers into the atmosphere. Examples include pipe insulation, ceiling and wall insulation, sprayed-on fireproofing, thermal pipe insulation and boiler coverings, ceiling tiles and damaged material that was originally non-friable.
RACM also includes the following asbestos materials:
- Category I Non-friable ACM that has become friable
- Category I Non-friable ACM that will be or has been subjected to sanding, grinding, cutting or abrading
- Category II Non-friable ACM that has a high probability of becoming or has become crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder by the forces expected to act on the material in the course of demolition or renovation operations.
Disposal and Acceptance Requirements—Friable
Friable asbestos requires Republic Services Special Waste Department approval and must meet special handling and transportation requirements. In addition, individual state agencies may have more stringent procedures. Each landfill is aware of and follows all federal, state, and local rules and regulations as well as the following guidelines.
Who regulates asbestos abatement?
Several federal, state, and local agencies have established standards and regulations dealing with asbestos abatement, transportation and disposal.
- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates environmental protection during the handling of ACM in removal operations, preparation for transport and disposal. The EPA regulates asbestos management through the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs).
- The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) deals with worker safety. OSHA provides regulations for the disposal, storage, demolition, removal, repair, installation, containment and emergency cleanup of asbestos. Medical monitoring, employee training and exposure monitoring, appropriate personal protection and careful record keeping are part of the OSHA standards.
- The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulates the transportation and labeling of RACM.
Asbestos Testing, Abatement and Disposal Recordkeeping Requirements
- Express Waste Profile Form: The Express Waste Profile Form (PDF form) must be prepared by the generator and submitted to Republic Services for approval prior to shipment and disposal. This document contains information regarding the generator, the contractor, transporter, the physical characteristics, source, and process generating the waste and the generator/operator certification. It is the generator’s responsibility to determine if the ACM is friable or non-friable. If this determination is not or cannot be made, the waste stream is always treated as friable.
- Waste Shipment Record: The Waste Shipment Record or Republic Special Waste Manifest is used to transport each load of ACM. In addition to the information contained in the Special Waste Profile Form, this form includes the volume of material on the load and the size and type of containers used for the containment of the ACM.
For more information, contact a special waste advisor.
General Guidelines for Managing Asbestos Disposal
- Advance Notification: Twenty-four (24) hour advance notification of the load delivery may be required to the landfill. This allows the facility time to prepare to receive the load of asbestos.
- Proper Containment: The load will be checked for visible dust, the integrity of the containers, proper wetting of the waste (without opening containers or bags), double bags, tight sealing of containers or bags, proper labeling of bags or containers and DOT marking and labeling. The entire load should be properly contained.
- Verification of Volume: Mixed loads may be placed in a single roll-off box as long as the volume of each can be verified.
- Paperwork: Republic Services requires properly completed Waste Shipment Records/Manifests and Asbestos Waste Profile Forms. All paperwork must be completed and on file prior to disposal.
For more information, contact a special waste advisor.
Labeling Requirements (RACM Only)
OSHA Warning Labels: All containers of hazardous material must be labeled, tagged or marked in accordance to current regulations.
- For more information, visit http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/asbestos/
Generator Labels: All bags must be labeled according to current EPA regulations.
- For more information, visit http://www.epa.gov/asbestos/.
DOT Transportation Labels: The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requires a warning label on individual bags or containers of asbestos-containing materials that are transported away from the removal site.
- Transportation regulations vary by state. Please contact your special waste advisor for more information.
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